Strategy to Prepare Quant and Logical Reasoning for NMAT

NMAT has three sections with defined time limits for each section. In this article, we will discuss the strategy you should follow to perform well in the Quant and Logical Reasoning section of NMAT. NMAT is a unique exam in the sense that it has different time limit and number of questions in each section. The Quant section has 48 questions, which are to be attempted in 60 minutes. The section on Logical Reasoning has 40 questions, to be completed in 38 minutes. The questions are generally of easy to medium difficulty level .Thus, NMAT more of a speed driven test, rather than a test of knowledge.
Following are the section wise syllabus and tips for both these sections:
Tips for NMAT Quantitative Ability
The major topics from which questions are asked in NMAT Quant section are:
  • Number System
  • Algebra
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Averages and Mixtures
  • Time & Work
  • Time, Speed & Distance
  • Geometry
  • Mensuration
  • Data Interpretation
  • Data Sufficiency
The first step towards your preparation is to revise the basics of these areas as they are important and have been a part of the exam for the past few years.
In addition to these, some more points to be kept in mind are:
  • Last year in most of the exam slots, out of 48 questions, 22 questions were on problem solving and 20 questions were of Data Interpretation (5 sets of 4 questions each). There were 6 questions from Data Sufficiency.
  • The time limit for attempting these 48 questions was 60 minutes. In this case, a genuine attempt of about 36 to 38 questions with about 85% accuracy will be considered good.
  • There are a number of questions on data interpretation and data sufficiency. Therefore, you cannot afford to ignore these areas. The questions from data interpretation are relatively easy.
  • The level of difficulty of the quant section varies from easy to medium, in comparison with the CAT. While in CAT, most questions are based on indirect application of the concepts, but in NMAT, the questions are more direct in nature. Ideally, you must prepare thoroughly all the major topics of Mathematics, with special focus on the topics mentioned above.
Take a look at a question that appeared last year:
Question: How much tea selling at Rs. 10.40 per kg should be mixed with tea selling at Rs. 8.80 per kg to get a resulting mixture of 15 kg for Rs. 146.40?
  1. 6 kg
  2. 7 kg
  3. 8 kg
  4. 9 kg
  5. 10 kg
Solution: Let the quantity of Tea costing 10.40 in the mixture be x
Then the quantity of tea costing 8.80= 15-x
According to the question,
10.40 x + 8.80(15-x) = 146.40
Or, 10.40x + 132 – 8.80x = 146.40
Or, 1.6x = 14.40
Or, x = 14.40/1.6 = 9kg
Thus, the correct answer is option D.
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Watch our Achievers' Classroom Series videos on Quant
Logical Reasoning
The questions in this section comprise of Non- Verbal as well as Verbal Reasoning. Following are the major areas from which questions are asked:
Non Verbal Reasoning:
  • Analytical Reasoning
  • Puzzles on Distribution, Linear arrangement, Circular arrangement, Comparisons and Selections
  • Coding-decoding
  • Family Tree
  • Alphanumeric Series
  • Symbol based logic
Verbal Reasoning:
  • Verbal reasoning
  • Course of Action
  • Strong Arguments
  • Implicit Assumptions
  • Inference based questions
  • Strong/Weak Arguments
For the Logical Reasoning section, the following tips and tricks will help you in improving your score in NMAT Logical Reasoning Section:
  • As mentioned above, in this section, 40 questions have to be solved in 38 Minutes, which boils down to hardly one minute per question. This means that it is very important to have speed.
  • Leave any set or question that you don’t understand in the first 30 seconds. There is no point in wasting time on only one question or one set. Especially in questions of Number series and Pattern matching wherein either one gets the answer immediately or the answer doesn’t strike at all.
  • An attempt of about 25 to 27 questions with about 85% accuracy will be considered good. The cut offs for the Logical Reasoning section have generally been around 59-61 over the last years.
Take a look at two questions that appeared last year in NMAT Reasoning Section:
Question: Pointing towards a person, Sita told her son that the person was the only son of his maternal grandmother. Who is that person to Sita’s husband?
  1. Father-in-law
  2. Brother -in- law
  3. Brother
  4. Father
  5. Uncle
Answer: The maternal grandmother has to be Sita’s Mother, which makes the person Sita’s Brother. Thus, he will be Sita’s husband’s Brother -in-law. The correct answer is option B.
Question: If ‘WEDDING’ is coded as 32 16 30, ‘BELONGS’ is coded as 19 225 40, then how is ‘STRANGE’ coded in the same code language?
  1. 47 16 26
  2. 39 19 24
  3. 57 1 26
  4. 57 1 24
  5. 47 2 26
Answer: The code is such that, A, B, C……Z are represented by numbers 1, 2, 3……26.
The code has 3 numbers- first number is obtained by adding no. of first 3 alphabets, and third term is obtained by adding no. of last 3 alphabets, and second term is obtained by squaring the number of middle alphabet.
By using this logic we get STRANGE as (S+T+R) (Square of 1) (N+G+E) = 57 1 26
The correct answer is option C.
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