Explained: Transition words and phrases

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Transition words and phrases
Transitions are phrases or words used to connect one idea to another in a sentence or paragraph. These are used by the author to help the reader progress from one significant idea to the next. Transitions also show the relationship within a paragraph (or within a sentence), between the main idea and the support the author gives for those ideas. Different transitions have different purposes. These are useful in Sentence completion or Para completion question. They are also useful in Reading comprehension to understand the flow of author’s ideas. Given below are some of the commonly used transitions:
Additive Transitions:

This kind of transitions are used to show addition, introduction, similarity to other ideas etc. They intend to clarify the idea given in the sentence/paragraph.

Addition
indeedfurtheras well (as this)either (neither)
alsonot only (this) but also (that) as wellin all honestyto tell the truth
moreoverwhat is moreas a matter of factand
furthermorein addition (to this)besides (this)or
in factactuallyto say nothing oftoo
let alonemuch lessadditionallynor
alternativelyon the other handnot to mention (this) 
Introduction
such asasparticularlyincluding
for exampleas an illustrationlikein particular
for one thingto illustratefor instanceespecially
notablyby way of example  
Reference
speaking about (this)considering (this)regarding (this)with regards to (this)
as for (this)concerning (this)the fact that 
on the subject of (this)   
Similarity
similarlyin the same wayby the same tokenin a like manner
equallylikewise  
Identification
that is (to say)namelyspecificallythus
Clarification
that is (to say)I mean(to) put (it) another wayin other words
Adversative Transitions:

These transitions are used to show conflict, contradiction concession, dismissal etc. They are used to present contrasting ideas.

Conflict
butby way of contrastwhileon the other hand
however(and) yetwhereasthough (final position)
in contrastwhen in factconverselystill
Emphasis
even moreabove allindeedmore importantlybesides
Concession
but even soneverthelesseven thoughon the other hand
admittedlyhowevernonethelessdespite (this)
notwithstanding (this)albeit(and) stillalthough
in spite of (this),regardless (of this)(and) yetthough
granted (this)be that as it may  
Dismissal
either waywhichever happensin either eventin any case
at any ratein either casewhatever happensall the same
in any event   
Replacement
(or) at(or)instead
leastrather 
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Causal Transitions:

These transitions signal cause/effect and reason/result, etc. They intend to connect the action to its outcome.

Cause/Reason
for the (simple) reason that,being that, forin view of (the fact)inasmuch as
because (of the fact)seeing thatasowing to (the fact)
due to (the fact that)in thatsinceforasmuch as
Condition
on (the) condition (that)granted (that)ifprovided thatin case
in the event thatas/so long asunlessgiven that 
granting (that)providing thateven ifonly if 
Effect/Result
as a result (of this)consequentlyhencefor this reason
thusbecause (of this)in consequenceso that
accordinglyas a consequenceso much (so) thatso
therefore   
Purpose
for the purpose ofin the hope thatfor fear thatso that
with this intention,to the end thatin order tolest
with this in mindin order thatso as toso
Consequence
under those circumstancesthenin that caseif not
that being the caseif sootherwise 
Sequential Transitions:

These transitions are used to show a chronological or logical sequence within a sentence/paragraph. They may represent the starting, continuation or ending phase in a paragraph/passage.

Numerical
in the (first, second, etc.) placeinitiallyto start with,first of all
thirdlyto begin with,at firstfor a start
secondly   
Continuation
subsequentlypreviouslyeventuallynext
before (this)afterwardsafter (this)then
Conclusion
to conclude (with)as a final pointeventuallyat last
last but not leastin the endfinallylastly
Digression
to change the topicincidentallyby the way
Resumption
to get back to the point,to resumeanyhow, anyway,at any rate
to return to the subject,   
Resumption
as was previously statedsoconsequentlyin summary
all in allto make a long story shortthusas I have said
to sum upoverallas has been mentionedthen
to summarizeto be briefbrieflygiven these points
in allon the wholethereforeas has been noted
hencein conclusionin a wordto put it briefly
in sumaltogetherin short 
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